This June 21, 2004 image taken at Hovenweep National Monument shows a spiral petroglph illuminated shortly after sunrise on the summer solstice. Not unlike possible sun watching stations in Chaco Canyon, this example indicates that ancestral Puebloans may have taken advantage of natural solar markers, carving designs to mark the seasons.
Photo Credit: Troy Cline
Read More about this ancient mystery that was featured in the Technology Through Time section of Sun-Earth Day 2005!
Some sunspots are cool enough that water vapor can form at a temperature of 1,550 °C.